您现在的位置:章丘中学>> 学校教研>> 教学资源>> 英语>>正文内容

形容词与副词高考考点归纳

点击数: 【字体: 收藏 打印文章 查看评论
 

形容词和副词高考考点归纳

一、概念

形容词是用来修饰名词,说明事物或人的性质状态或特征的词。

副词主要用来修饰动词、形容词、副词或其他结构的词。

二、用法

形容词在句中可以充当定语修饰名词、代词,也可作表语表示主语的状态和特征,也可作补语和状语。副词在句中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语、从句等,也可修饰整个句子。

What an interesting role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar.

His daughter is shy in public and she never dares to make a speech to the public.

You don't have to be angry with him. He merely wanted to know the truth.

Only when the war was over did the young soldier return to his hometown.

形容词和副词的主要考点:

考点一:.形容词、副词比较等级的用法

(一):同级比较:

1.她看上去和十年前一样年轻。

2.这儿的气候不如北京那么干燥。

3.昨天我买了一个书包,和他的一样。

4.这工作不是你想象的那么难。

5.汉语是和英语同等重要的一门语言。

注意:1.as +形容词+as +数量词=数量词+形容词

1)。这条路60宽。

2)。这幢楼高达100

2. as ----as  座位习惯用语,有特定含义。

as long as, as soon as, as far as, as well as, as good as等。

():比较级与最高级:

1. 形容词和副词比较级和最高级的修饰语

修饰比较级可用far, even, still, rather, any, no, many,  much,  a little, a bit, a lot, a great deal等,修饰最高级可用 (by) far, much, nearly, almost, not quite, by no means, very, second, next 等。

(1)           为了能实现他的梦想,他比以前更努力了。

(2)           吃了药以后,你感觉好点了吗?

(3)           你打算今晚去看电影吗?不,电影票比我想象的贵得多。

(4)           令人吃惊的是,参加挽回的人比预料的少得多。

2. “the+比较级……the 比较级……”表示……,越……”之意,前面的句子相当于条件状语从句,一般不用将来时。

1.The more you use a dictionary, the more useful you will find it to you.

(2).The higher you climb the mountain, the less air you can breathe.

(3).你越仔细,你在考试中出的错就越少。

4.你越努力,你获得成功的可能性会越大。

5)。你越用功,你考上大学的机会就越大。

6)。你学的词汇越多,你就会发现英语越容易。

3.比较级+比较级(more and more:

1.随着经济的发展,中国正变得越来越强大。

2)。这座城市种植越来越多的树木。结果,城市的空气变的越来越新鲜。

4.表示两者中比较……的一个”:

1)。这两个男孩中较高的是我的哥哥,他刚刚大学毕业。/ 他刚刚从国外回来。

2)。这两本书中那本书更有意思?

5.比较级用于否定句中表最高级含义,表肯定含义。

1)。No one is cleverer than he.

(2).这部电影太感人了。我以前从未看过比这部电影更感人的电影了。

3)。--你认为他的建议怎么样?  ----我非常同意。

4)。---你对她在比赛中的表现(performance)满意吗?  ---不, 不能再差了。

(5). 我认为健康是最重要的。

6.比较的对象不能相互包容。

1)。长江比中国的任何一条河都长。

2)。长江比日本的任何一条河都长。

3)。中国比亚洲任何别的国家都大。

4)。中国比非洲任何国家都大。

5)。中国的人口比欧洲任何一个国家的人口都多。

6)。他比他们班的任何一个学生都高。

7)。他比那个班的任何一个学生都高。

7.比较的对象应相同:

1)。The population of China is larger than Japan.(改错)

2)。这里的气候比济南的暖和。

3)。日本制造的汽车比中国制造的要好。

8.倍数表达法:

as---as---

       比较级

     倍数+          the +名词+of----

                   what从句

                   that of----

(1).他的夹克衫看起来和我的一样,但却是我的价格的两倍。(cost

2.他的收入是我的三倍。

(3).正在建的体育场是现在的三倍大。

9.介词by表示相差的程度:

(1).她比我大三岁。  2)。 他比我高两厘米。  3)。 雨下了好几天。因此, 河水上涨了10厘米。   4)。 尽管建了越来越多的房子, 但是房价仍上涨了5%

5)。I missed the train _______(差了一分钟)

10.序数词+最高级:

11.most 用法:(1 most表示大多数时,之前不加the 并且有两种形式来表示大多数,分别为:1most + 名词,如:most people most Indian tribes;

2: most + of + 限定词 + 名词或代词,如:most of his paintingsmost of us most of the modern artists

2)。 most有时意思等同于very 此时most之前用不定冠词,如:

 a most lovely girl a most impressive proposal

 The most substances expand in volume when they are heated.(改错)

考点二:形容词作后置定语。

1.       形容词修饰some, any every, no 构成的复合不定代词时要后置。

1)。I must have my car repaired because _____(我的汽车出了毛病了)

2)。今天的报纸上没有什么有趣 的东西。

2.a 开头的形容词做后置定语。

1)。那个醒着的女孩比我小两岁。(2)。谁是当代最伟大的作家?

3)。这是可用的最好的电脑了。

3.形容词短语作后置定语。

1)。That is a problem ______(很难解决的)。(2)。He bought me an electronic dictionary ____(用起来很方便)

3)。I found he was a person ______(容易相处)

4.else用法:(1)还有谁知道这个秘密?(2)。He did not go to the park. _____?(他可能去了别的什么地方)

考点三:形容词作状语。(单个的形容词或形容词短语可以做状语表示伴随、结果等)

1)。他回到家,又累又饿。  2)。小偷不敢出门,害怕被逮住。  3)。他躺在床上,一点睡意也没有。  4)。害怕失败,他们最终选择了放弃计划。

注意:____ awake (完全醒着) ______ asleep (睡得很沉/)rain/snow _____(/雪下得很大)drink/smoke _______(喝酒/吸烟很多)  ______ traffic(繁忙的交通); dead/blind drunk(喝得烂醉)

考点四:有—ly与无—ly的副词的区别:无ly的副词表示_____________;有ly的副词表示_________.

deep/deeply; high/highly; wide/widely; free/freely; close/closely; late/lately; hard/hardly; near/nearly; low(位置低的)/lowly(地位卑微); last/lastly;

1)。众所周知,英语在各个领域被广泛的使用。 2)医生叫我做深呼吸。(3)。We _____(deep/deeply) regret your misfortune. (4) I am ______(deep/deeply)  grateful to you. (5). 听了这个故事,他深受感动。(6) The meeting continued _____(deep/deeply)  into the night.

(7) Children are admitted _____(free/freely). (8). I _____(free/freely) admit that I made a mistake.

(9). He speaks very _____(high/highly) of you. (10).The method of yours is ______(high/highly) scientific. (11).最近我没有见到他。(12There is a bus stop _____(close/closely) to the school.  (13).The little baby was _____(close/closely) looked after by his mother. (14).He lives ____(near/nearly) a bus stop, which is convenient for him to go to work.

考点五:多个形容词作定语的排列顺序。

一幅漂亮的油画_____________.一幅漂亮的法国油画________________;.一幅漂亮的法国红色的油画__________________________.

限定词+描绘性形容词+大小,形状,年龄,新旧,颜色+国籍+材料+用途+名词

1.那些高大而又年轻的美国警察______________________.

2.一座石桥_______;一座中国石桥___________________;一座美丽的中国小白石桥______________.

3. .John Smitha successful businessmanhas a _________carA1arge German white   B1arge white German   Cwhite large German   DGerman large white

4.The husband gave his wife ________every mobin order to please her

 Aall half his income Bhis half all income  Chalf his all income Dall his half income

考点六:enough用法()enough可以作名词、代词,意思是"足够;充分"。作代词可以代替可数名词或不可数名词,在句中作主语或宾语。

1 关于这件事说得已经足够多的了。 2. 不,谢谢。我已吃饱了。     

3.We have had enough your coldness.(改错)

(二):enough作形容词,意思是"足够的;充分的",常与for或不定式连用,作定语置于被修饰的名词前后均可。1.他们努力工作。结果,他们挣了足够的钱买了一所新房子。2.不要担心,我们有充足的时间赶到机场。

(三):enough作副词的意思是 "十分地;充分地;足够地;充足地",置于被修饰的形容词或副词之后,常与不定式或介词for连用 

  1.-Mum, I think I'm ________ to get back to school.
  -Not really, my dear. You'd better stay at home for another day or two. 
  A. so well    B. so good    C. well enough   D. good enough
  2. If I had ________, I'd visit Europe stopping at all the small interesting places. 
  A. a long enough holiday    B. an enough long holiday
  C. a holiday enough long    D. a long holiday enough
  3. When they reached the burning building they found that their ladders were not
____to reach the people who were trapped.
(不够长)

4.他足够高,能够得着书架上的那本书。

5.他很聪明,能在5分钟内做出那道数学题。

6.The hall is no big enough to have a meeting in.(改错)

7.Although she did not know Boston well, she made her way________ to the Home Cirele Building.  A. easy enough   B. enough easy   C. easily enough   D. enough easily

注意: 1.我对你感激不尽。(enough(我怎么感谢你都不算过分。)  要想达到你的目标,你怎么用功也不为过。(enough)  
2.  be good / kind enough to do sth. 劳驾; 务请做某事。(1). 请早日回复。(2)。劳驾请你把窗户打开好吗?

3.  sure enough 果真;确实   He said he would come, and sure enough he came.

4. enough作感叹词时意思是"够了;停止;住手;不要再继续了",用以表达不耐烦或恼怒。

You've been practising the violin all afternoon. Enough!

考点七:有些副词还可以作连词,但作副词时,常放到句末。如: though, (ever) since, in case等。

Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of fun. Isn’t it rather risky, though?(10年浙江)

He left home a month ago. We have not heard from him since.(since he left home a month ago)

1.       尽管他年事已高,但他还是努力工作。

2.       他许诺要打电话来,可是他没有打。

3.       自从大学毕业他就在这家公司上班。

4.       自从中学起,他们就梦想进行一次自行车旅行。

5.       我想不会下雨。但我带着伞以防万一。

6.       The bus is usually on time, but _________(早点动身,以防有什么情况)

考点八:有些副词置于句首修饰全句,作评注性状语。

1.幸运的是,他在这次事故中没有受伤。

2.使他高兴的是,他的努力没有白费。他考上了北京大学。

3.令人吃惊的是,如此小的动物竟然吃这么多的食物。

4.很显然,你未经允许就离开了。这使他非常生气。
巩固练习题:
12011全国卷,30The form cannot be signed by anyone _____ yourself.

A. rather than     B. other than       C. more than    D. better than

22011全国卷II,12It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is       another to play it well yourself.  A. quite   B. very   C. rather  D. much

32011全国卷II,17Mr. Stevenson is great to work for ——I really couldn't ask for a _______ boss.  A. better   B. good    C. best   D. still better

42011上海春招,28You’d be exposed to a lot ______ pollution if you moved to a town with pure water and air.  A. more   B. most       C. less     D. least

52011江苏卷,25In that school, English is compulsory for all students, but French and Russian are _________. Aspecial  Bregional  Coptional  Doriginal

6.Of the two coats, I’d choose the ___ one to spare some money for a book.

A. cheapest  B. cheaper  C. more expensive  D.

72011安徽卷,31_____, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end.

A. Hopefully   B. Normally   C. Thankfully   D. Conveniently

82011浙江卷,9The professor could tell by the  ___________look in Maria’s eyes that she didn't understand a single word of his lecture

A. cold   B. blank   C. innocent  D. fresh

92011浙江卷,13I’ve been writing this report____ for the last two weeks, but it has to be handed in tomorrow.  A. finally   B. immediately   C. occasionally   D. certainly

102011浙江卷,16My schedule is very ______right now, but I’ll try to fit you in.

A. tight   B. short    C. regular    D. flexible

112011四川卷,12——How are your recent trip to Sichuan?

   ——I’ve never had  ___  one before.

A.a pleasant  B.a more pleasant   C.a most pleasant  D.the most pleasant

122011陕西卷,17The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be      the present one A .as three times big as     B. three times as big as

C. as big as three times      D. as big three times as

132011湖北卷,23The old engineer’s eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled brown face and his step as he came across the room was________though slow.

A. shaky        B. heavy       C. casual       D. steady

142011湖北卷,24An unhappy childhood may have some negative effects on a person’s characters; however, they are not always_________,

A. practical      B. avoidable        C. permanent       D. beneficial

152011湖北卷,25The state-run company is required to make its accounts as_________ as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money.

A. transparent      B. reasonable       C. secure      D. formal

162011江西卷24——The film is , I have to say, not a bit interesting.

——Why? It’s ______ than the films I have ever seen.

A. far more interesting         B. much less interesting

C. no more interesting         D. any less interesting

172011江西卷33She has already tried her best. Please don’t be too ______ about her job.

A. special    B .responsible      C .unusual      D. particular

1810福建〗–Volunteering is becoming       popular in China.   --Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves.

A. naturally     B. successfully       C. splendidly   D. increasingly

1910福建〗Drunk driving, which was once a       occurrence, is now under control.

A. general       B. frequent     C. normal       D. particular

2010上海〗It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was____  journey.

A. three hour       B. a three-hours      C. a three-hour       D. three hours

2110安徽〗_______, she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile

A. Shy and cautious                        B. Sensitive and thoughtful

C. Honest and confident        D. Lighthearted and optimistic

2210湖南〗Father  ____  goes to the gym with us although he dislikes going there.

A. hardly   B. seldom   C. sometimes    D. never

2310江西〗Computers and mobile phones, though they are indeed making our life ___ and more ___, have reduced the need for face-to-face communications.

A easily; efficient    B easier; efficient    C easy; efficiently   D easily; efficiently

24. He drives much _____ than he did three years ago.  A. careful   Bcarefully    

C more careful      D.more carefully.

25He had never spent a _________ day. 

 Amore worry     B. most worrying  C .more worrying   D. most worried

26.The students are ________ young people between the ages of sixteen and twenty

A. most      B. almost        C. mostly   D. at most

27.John has three sistersMary is the ______ of the three

A. most cleverest         Bmore clever     C. cleverest   D. cleverer

28. It is impossible for so ________ workers to do so _____ work in a single day.

A. fewmuch      Bfewmany   C .littlemuch  D .littlemany

29.The pianos in the other shop will be______ but ______.

A. cheapernot as better      B. more cheapnot as better

C cheaper, not as good     D more cheapnot as good

30.After the new technique was introducedthe factory produced _____tractors in 1988 as the year before  A. as twice many   Bas many twice  C .twice as many      D. twice many as

31.---How did you find your visit to the museum

---I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was ___ than I expected

A far more interesting      B even much interesting

 C so more interesting      D a lot much interesting

32.How _________ can you finish the drawing  A. often   B .soon   Clong     D. rapid

33.Which is __________ country Canada or Australia

Aa large    Blarger     Ca larger  Dthe larger

34.---If you don't like the red coattake the blue one

 ---OKbut do you have _______ size in blueThis one's a bit tight for me

A. a big    Ba bigger    C. the big   D the bigger

35.If there were no examinationswe should have ____ at school

A the happiest time         B a more happier time

C much happiest time   D a much happier time

36.We will write _________ even when there's not much to say

Anow and then     Bby and by   Cstep by step Dmore or less

37.---How was your recent visit to Qingdao

  ---It  was  greatWe visited some friends, and spent the ___ days at the seaside

 Afew last sunny  Blast few sunny  Clast sunny few  D. few sunny last

38.It was _____ opportunity to miss.

A. too good an     B. a too good  C. too a good         D. too good

39.There was nothing special about this film — it was only ______.

A. particular      B. average  C. interesting        D. strange

40.He said he would return the money, and I was ______.

A. fool enough to believe him  B. enough fool to believe him

C. fool enough believing him  D. enough fool believing him

41.“This book is ______ more useful for us students.” “Yes, but it is _______ too difficult.”

A. quite, quite        B. much, rather   C. rather, quite       D. quite, much

42.The children all looked _____ at the broken model plane and felt quite _____.

A. sad, sad       B. sadly, sadly  C. sad, sadly     D. sadly, sad

43.The child dreamed that he had once lived in a _______ house in the forest.

A. wooden pretty little B. little pretty wooden C. pretty little wooden  D. wooden little pretty

44.He wanted to read more, so he asked his friends if there was _______ to read.

A. something easy enough      B. something enough easy

C. enough easy something      D. easy enough something

45.The doctor assured the patient that there was ______ with her, but she could not help worrying.

A. seriously wrong nothing    B. nothing serious wrong 

C. nothing seriously wrong    D. serious nothing wrong

46.—How is your father?   —He’s fine. He’s______ to play tennis every Sunday.

A.enough active still     B. enough still active C. still active enough    D. still enough active

47. —Did you wash your new suit in hot water?

—Of course not. I am not ______ foolish. A. very    B. that  C. very much    D. too

48.—Which team is _______ to win the game?

—I don’t know, but I’ve found _______ for ours to win.

A. probable; it unlikely   B. likely; it possible  C. possible; it possible   D. likely; it possibly

49.He didn’t understand the _______ question, so there was a ______ expression on his face.  A. puzzling; puzzled    B. puzzling; puzzling C. puzzled; puzzled    D. puzzled; puzzling

50.She can speak _______ in front of Mack, but she can’t eat ______ in his restaurant.

A. free, free      B. free, freely  C. freely, free       D. freely, freely

51. It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood ____ to her mother.

A. close      B. closely  C. closed    D. closing

52. Fred is second to none in maths in our class, but believe it or not, he _______ passed the last exam. A. easily     B. hardly  C. actually     D. successfully

53.The number of people present at the concert was _______than expectedThere were many tickets leftAmuch smaller  Bmuch more  Cmuch larger  Dmany more

54.________students are required to take part in the boat race

ATen strong young Chinese   BTen Chinese strong young CChinese ten young strong   DYoung strong ten Chinese

55.Mary kept weighing herself to see how much ________she was getting Aheavier   Bheavy   Cthe heavier   Dthe heaviest

56.--I’m very ________with my own cookingIt looks nice and smells delicious

 --Mmit does have a ________smell Apleasantpleased   Bpleasedpleased   Cpleasantpleasant   Dpleasedpleasant

57.In recent years travel companies have succeeded in selling us the idea that the further we go__________. Aour holiday will be better   Bour holiday will be the better  Cthe better our holiday will be  Dthe better will our holiday be

58.(2012 江西)____, the driver looked at the vast desert without knowing if he could get across safely.  A.Tiredly and sadly  B. Tired and sad  C. Tired and sadly  D.  Tiredly and sad

59. (2012江西七校)---Have you got accustomed to your new job?

---Well, yes. It’s not as good as I expected, _____.A. though  B. but  C. too  D. either

60.Time is pressing. You can not start your work ____ soon.

A. too  B. very  C.  so  D.  as

61.(2011浙江)My schedule is very ___ right now, but I will try to fit you in.

A. tight  B. short  C. regular  D.  flexible

62.(2011天津) The young man couldn’t afford a new car. ____, he bought a used one.

A. Besides  B.  Otherwise  C.  Instead  D.  Still

63.(2011福建)Nowadays, there is a ____ increase in children’s creativity, for they are greatly encouraged to develop their talents.  A. sharp  B.  slight  C.  natural  D.  modest

64.(2012太原) It is reported that a new planet has been discovered recently. It’s ____ Earth, and hopefully it can support human life.  A. almost three times the size of  B. three times the size than  C.  three times almost as large than  D.  almost three times as larger as

65.(2012武汉)—You have got a stomachache? But we ate at the same place. How come my stomach is fine?

---You have an iron stomach! Mine isn’t ___ strong.  A. as  B. such  C. much  D. enough

66.(2012沈阳)---How would you like to be your assistant, Jack or David?

---If I had to choose, David would be ____ choice.

 A. good  B. the better  C. a better  D. the best

67.(2012江西七校) Though Alice is busy, music has always been ___ her work.

A. as much a part of her life as  B. as a part of her life much as  C. as much as a part of her life  D. so much a part of her life as

68.(2012青岛) Thinking that her daughter was doing homework, the mother left the room, ___.

A. quickly and gentle  B. quick and gentle  C. quickly and gently  D. quick and gently

69.(2012南昌) Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has ___IQ.

A. a high  B. a higher  C. the higher  D. the highest

70. The boy jumped ___ at the sports meeting and he was ___ praised by the teacher.

A. high ,high  B. high, highly  C. highly, highly  D. highly, high

71. Progress so far has been very good. _______, we are sure that the project will be completed on time.   A. However   B. Otherwise   C. Therefore   D. Besides

72. I thought she was famous, but none of my friends have heard of her____.

A. even   B. ever   C. just   D. never

73. This washing machine is environmentally friendly because it uses _____ water and electricity than _____ models.  A. less ; older   B. less ; elder   C. fewer ; older   D. fewer ; elder

74. I wish you’d do ________ talking and some more work. Thus things will become better.

 A. a bit less   B. any less   C. much more   D. a little more

75. I don't think this film is by far the most boring. I have seen _____.

 A. better   Bworse   Cthe best   Dthe worst

76. .--Did you enjoy yourself at the party?   ---Yes. I’ve never been to_____ one before.
A. a more excited
 B. he most excited C. a more exciting  D. the most exciting

77.(2012东北三校) It is shown that men have ____ as women do on average while driving according to recent statistics.

A. twice as many serious accidents  B. serious accidents as twice many

C. twice serious accidents as many  D. serious accidents as many twice

78.He was ___ moved by the ____ story.  A. deep, moved  B. deeply, moved  C. deeply, moving  D.  deep,  moving

79.Swimming is ____ as any to lose unwanted weight.

A. a way as good  B. as a good way  C. as a way good  D. as good a way

80.It’s high time you had your hair cut; it’s getting ____.

A. too much long  B. much too long  C. long too much  D.  too long much

 

 

答案:

1—10:BAACC,BCBCA  11-20: BBDCA, ADDBC 21-23:DCBDC 26-30”CCACC 31-35:ABDBD  36-40:ACABA  41-45:BDCAC 46-50:CBBAC  51-55:ABAAA 56-60:DCBAA  61-65:ACAAA  66-70:BABBB 71-75:CBAAB  76-80: CABDB


作者:李玉刚 来源:本站原创 发布时间:2012年09月18日
上一篇:高一英语[ 06-19 ]下一篇:彭秀娟的学案[ 03-23 ]
相关信息
没有相关内容
观后心情
感动 同情 无聊 愤怒 搞笑 难过 高兴 路过
用户信息中心
栏目导航
  • 找不到相关分类